There was ample evidence of a warlike tendency among the Maya - carved scenes of battle or sacrifice, walled compounds, stone, and obsidian weapon points, etc. - but the early Mayanists ignored this evidence, instead sticking to their notions of the Maya as a peaceful people. As the glyphs on the temples and stelae began to yield their secrets to dedicated linguists, however, a very different picture of the Maya emerged.
The Maya City-States:
Unlike the Aztecs of Central Mexico and the Inca of the Andes, the Maya were never a single, unified empire organized and administered from a central city. Instead, the Maya were a series of city-states in the same region, linked by language, trade, and certain cultural similarities, but often in lethal contention with one another for resources, power and influence. Powerful cities like Tikal, Calakmul and Caracol frequently warred upon one another or upon smaller cities. Small raids into enemy territory were common: attacking and defeating a powerful rival city was rare but not unheard of.
The Maya Military:
Wars and major raids were led by the ahau, or King. Members of the highest ruling class often were military and spiritual leaders of the cities and their capture during battles was a key element of military strategy. It is believed that many of the cities, especially the larger ones, had large, well-trained armies available for attack and defense. It is unknown if the Maya had a professional soldier class like the Aztecs did.
Maya Military Goals:
The Maya city-states went to war with one another for several different reasons. Part of it was military dominance: to bring more territory or vassal states under the command of a larger city. Capturing prisoners was a priority, especially high-ranking ones. These prisoners would be ritually humiliated at the victorious city: sometimes, the battles were played out again in the ball court, with the losing prisoners sacrificed after the “game.” It is known that some of these prisoners remained with their captors for years before finally being sacrificed. Experts disagree about whether these wars were waged solely for the purpose of taking prisoners, like the famous Flower Wars of the Aztecs. Late in the Classic period, when the warring in the Maya region became much worse, cities would be attacked, looted and destroyed.
Warfare and Architecture:
The Maya penchant for warfare is reflected in their architecture. Many of the major and minor cities have defensive walls, and in the later Classic period, newly-founded cities were no longer established near productive land, as they had been previously, but rather on defensible sites such as hilltops. The structure of the cities changed, with the important buildings all being inside the walls. Walls could be as high as ten to twelve feet (3.5 meters) and were usually made of stone supported by wooden posts. Sometimes the construction of walls seemed desperate: in some cases, walls were built right up to important temples and palaces, and in some cases (notably the Dos Pilas site) important buildings were taken apart for stone for the walls. Some cities had elaborate defenses: Ek Balam in the Yucatan had three concentric walls and the remains of a fourth one in the city center.What tires are made in the usa? What does alice mean? What does 👀 mean sexually? How to use a claw clip? How to get rid of congestion in nose? How to use a haakaa? What does spunky mean? When someone tricks you to sign something and not show you all pages? What does double penetration feel like? How to clean diamond earrings? Someone who attracts customers with jokes and tricks is a? Tips on how to have enthusiasm as a teacher? What is meaning of lets go brandon? Tips when packing for roadtrips? What does differ mean? how to delete browser helper objects chrome What does oss mean? What are compression socks for? Tricks for not saying um when speaking? What are the four elements? How to turn off tips destiny 2? What is memorial day? What time does billie's album come out? What name has the meaning of death? How many hat tricks does ovi have? Youtube tips for fishing when blind? Where did you sleep last night lyrics meaning? What does pmo mean in text on instagram? How long to air fry chicken wings? How to get rid of mold on walls? What is taboo? What does ipo mean? how to disable google chrome helper 2017 How to make a splash potion? What is the meaning of pentecost in the bible? How to get sense of smell back? How to draw box braids? What is taro? What is the symbolic meaning of the albatross? What does craving mean? What does it mean if your glucose is high? What does nle mean? What does the ok sign mean? How to make tequila sunrise? How to apply kiss nail tips? Louis armstrong - what a wonderful world meaning? How to help with cramps? How to search an image? What place are the cubs in? How long to bake steak tips at 400? How long do wisdom teeth take to heal? How to get rid of candida? What does hydroxyzine do? How to do easy magic tricks? How to grow onions from onions? How long does it take unemployment to verify your identity? What is the meaning of flagged? Tips on how to get better at draing on paper? What does asunder mean? What does vitamin e do for your skin? What does jehovah mean? How to wash grapes? What does feckless mean? how to find float value with steam inventory helper How to make cold foam at home? What does today's wordle start with? What does it mean when tips of leaves are brown? How to cook sushi rice? How to grind coffee beans? What is the last letter of a four letter word meaning "clever, witty, or sarcastic remark"? What is the meaning of brush? What does syphilis look like on a man? How to lose weight fast for teens? What is the meaning behind the name ella? What is ppe? How to turn off private browsing? How to pan sear steak? What does it mean when your plants have brown tips? What is the meaning of sir? How to fix a lazy eye? How to make a website? How to freeze kale? Why are my pothos leaf tips turning brown? How to paint rocks? How you been meaning in hindi? What does yolo meaning? How to grow your hair 19 inches overnight? What is the meaning of fluency? How sheikara should bust tricks? Tips on how to use the vex iq robot? How to do winged eyeliner? What does a mouth ulcer look like? How to see wifi password? What does jonathan mean? Tc helicon voicelive 2 how to use tips and tricks? The ones who walk away from omelas meaning? How do you pay for tips on you tube videos? How to pick a sweet watermelon? How are magicians card tricks done?
Worry Dolls in a Bag - One Dozen Bags
Toy (Maya Traditions - Guatemala)